Breakfast habits of women in urban areas: correlation to body mass index and body fat percentage

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Rini Oktaviani
Debby Endayani Safitri
Yuli Dwi Setyowati

Abstract

Breakfast is an activity of eating food in the morning. Skipping breakfast will lead to snack craving, which impact on excessive calorie intake then cause overweight. Women and men with a high percent body fat will experience a higher inflammatory process than women and men with a normal percent body fat. This study aims to determine the relationship between breakfast habits and percent body fat in adult women in urban areas. This study used a cross-sectional design with the criteria of the research subjects being women aged 19-25 years with low physical activity categories. This research was conducted in September-October 2020 when Large-Scale Social Restrictions were being implemented because the research site was in the red zone due to Covid-19. The research sample was 90 women, data collection on breakfast habits was obtained using a food recall questionnaire. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that breakfast habits are related to percent body fat (p<0.05), but not related to BMI (p>0.05), so it is recommended to get used to breakfast and eat a more diverse breakfast.

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How to Cite
Oktaviani, R., Safitri, D. E., & Setyowati, Y. D. (2021). Breakfast habits of women in urban areas: correlation to body mass index and body fat percentage. ARGIPA (Arsip Gizi Dan Pangan), 6(1), 75-82. https://doi.org/10.22236/argipa.v6i1.6253
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