Use of palm juice (Elaeis Guinensis Jacq) in making cookies as pro-vitamin A (β-carotene) high food

  • Program studi Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu-ilmu Kesehatan, UHAMKA

Abstract

Beta-carotene in the recipes modification such as biscuits and noodles usually use grainypalm oil and red palm oil. The utilization of beta-carotene in the form of palm extract to modify therecipes of making cookies has not been done. This study aimed to produce high provitamin A (β-carotene) cookies using palm juice. The treatment of research was the comparison of margarine andpalm juice in the cookies: F0 (1:0), F1 (1:1) F2 (1:3) F3 (0:1). The determination of the best palmjuice cookies was by using hedonic test with semi-trained panelists. Data analysis used theANOVA test, if the p-value was <0.05 the test was continued by Duncan test. The childrenacceptance to the best palm juice cookies compared to control cookies were analyzed by Friedmantest. The result of this research the addition of water in making the best palm juice showed 100 ml / 500 grams of palm fruit. ANOVA test results the addition of palm juice was significantly affectedon the quality of the color and texture of cookies. At the same time, there was no significant effect onthe quality of taste and aroma of cookies. The results of ANOVA test to hedonic test was theaddition of palm juice gave a significant effect on the acceptance of color, aroma, taste, and textureof cookies. The best formula was cookies with formula 1 (1:1) which had a high average of 3,8 onhedonic test. The best palm juice cookies with 30 grams of serving size contain 152 kcal energy,8,16 grams fats, 1,84 grams protein, 18 grams carbohydrates, and 4020 μg β-carotene per serving.The cookies can be claimed as high β-carotene cookies.

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Published
2018-10-16
Section
Articles