• Vinus FITRIATI
  • Istaryatiningtias ISTARYATININGTIAS
Keywords: Principles of supervision, Educational guidance, Educational guides, Educational system, Leadership of School Principle


upervision of education is based on the principal, whose consideration must guarantee the purity and dynamics in the education system. To complete certain tasks, both simple and specific, it is required that the principal must start his activities, continue and complete the same thing by complying with the respective principles of the activity. Realizing the views and theories of education supervision in the education system, and getting the same assistance for improving the quality and production of a constant quality of new education depends on the basic principles of supervision. Educational guidelines must follow the principles of supervision and educational guidelines for improving the conditions of education and learning. They must always pay attention to these principles in their plans and activities. The principal must also have a leadership character that can motivate the school community to always do their job well. Thus, due to the importance of compliance and consideration of each principle in significant supervision and educational guidance, in this thesis, an attempt has been made to state the principles of supervision, which can guide supervisors in the design and implementation of education supervision.


Download data is not yet available.


Amanchukwu, et al. (2015). A Review of Leadership Theories, Principles and Styles and Their Relevance to Educational Management. Journal of Management: Researchget.net
Arikunto, S & Safrudin, C. (2009). Evaluasi Program Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Arikunto, S. (2002). Metodologi Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Proposal. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta
Arikunto, Suharsimi. (2013). Dasar-dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara.
Augustine, H C, et al. (2009). Improving School Leadership: The Promise of Cohesive Leadership Systems. Rand Education: Arlington, USA.
Avci, A. (2015). Investigation of Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles of School Principals, and Evaluation of Them in Terms of Educational Administration. Educational Research and Reviews Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakif University, Turkey.
Bell, R. M. (2013). Charismatic Leadership Case Study with Ronald Reagan as Exemplar. Emerging Leadership Journeys, 6(1).
Biggerstaff, Deborah and Thompson, Andrew R. (2008). Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA): A Qualitative Methodology of Choice in Healthcare Research. United Kingdom: Unviersity of Warwick.
Bonti, Sara. (2013). The School Principal as Leader: Guiding School to Better Teaching and Learning. The Wallace Foundation: New York City.
Brandon, et al. (2016). Pedagogical Leadership Teams: Magnifying and Spreading Impact. Proceedings of the IDEAS: Designing for Innovation. Calgary, Canada: University of Calgary
Chaudhry, A. Q., & Javed, H. (2012). Impact of Transactional and Laissez Faire Leadership Style on Motivation. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(7), 258-264.
Delsyer, Dydia. (2008). Teaching Qualitative Research. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, Vol. 32, No. 2, 233-244.
Forrester, Michael A & Koutsopoulou, Gina Z. (2008). Qualitative Research in Psychology. Vol. 5, Issue 3: Teaching Qualitative Method
Goodnight, R. (2011). Laissez-Faire Leadership, Encyclopedia of Leadership. London, UK: Sage Publications.
Gottschalk, Louis. (2003). Understanding History: A Primary of Historical Method (Terjemahan Nugroho Natosusanto). Jakarta: UI Press.
Handriyani, Puji. (2016). Supervisi Akademik Kepala Sekolah dalam Meningkatkan Kompetensi Profesionalisme Guru PAI (Studi Kasus di SD se-Kecamatan Sregen) Tesis Program Pascasarjana IAIN Salatiga.
Hayes, D., Christie, P., Mills, M., & Lingard, B. (2004). Productive leaders and productive leadership: Schools as learning organisations. Journal of Educational Administration, 42(5), 520–538.
Healey-Etten, Victoria & Sharp, Shane. (2010). Teaching Beginning Undergraduates How to Do an In-depth Interview: A Teaching Note with 12 Handy Tips. Sage Journals Teaching Sociology.
Hein, Serge F. (2004). “I Don’t Like Ambiguity”: an Exploration of Students Experiences During a Qualitative Method Course. The Alberta Journal of Educational Research Vol. 50, No. 1 22-38 Spring Univeristy of Memphis.
http://npbea.org diakses pada 24 Desember 2019 Pukul 15.00 WIB.
Ihsana El Khuluqo. (2016). Belajar dan Pembelajaran: Konsep Dasar Metode dan Aplikas Nilai-Nilai Spiritual dalam Proses Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Imam Machali, Ara Hidayat. (2010). Pengelolaan Pendidikan; Konsep, Prinsip, dan Aplikasi dalam Mengelola Sekolah dan Madrasah. Bandung: Pustaka Educa.
Jahanian, R & Ebrahimi, M. (2013). Principles for Educational Supervision and Guidance. Journal of Sociological Research ISSN 1948-5468 2013, Vol. 4, No.2 Islamic Azad University, Iran.
Jahanian, R dan Ebrahimi, M. (2013). Principal and Educational Supervision and Guidance. Macrothink Institute, Journal of Sociological Research Vol. 4 No.2.
Latief, Abdul Madjid. (2014). Evaluasi Kinerja SDM: Konsep Aplikasi Standar dan Penelitian. Jakarta: Harja Mandiri.
Lichtenstein, B., Uhl-Bien, M., Marion, R., Seers, A., Orton, J., and Schreiber, C. (2006). Complexity leadership theory: An interactive perspective on leading in complex adaptive systems, E:CO, 8, 2-12.
Louis, K.S., & Wahlstrom, K. (2012). Shared and instructional leadership: When principals and teachers successful lead together. In K. Leithwood & K. Seashore Louis (Eds.), Linking leadership to student learning (pp. 25-41). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass
Madaus, George F., (1983). Evaluation Models: Viewpoints on Educational and Human Services Evaluation. Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing.
Mahmudi, Ihwan. (2011). CIPP Suatu Model Evaluasi Pendidikan. Jakarta: Universitas Negeri Jakarta. Journal Vol. 6 No.1
Marion, R. (2013). Organizational leadership and complexity mechanisms, In M. Rumsey (Ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Leadership, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mendels, Pamela. (2017). Getting Intentional about Principal Evaluation. ASCD: Wallace Foundation.
Mintadji. (2015). Implementasi Supervisi Akademik Kepala Sekolah SMP Negeri di Tarakan. Jurnal Kebijakan dan Pengembangan Pendidikan, Vol. 3 No.1 ISSN No. 2337-7623
Morgeson, et al. (2010). Leadership in Teams: A Functional Approach to Understanding Leadership Structures and Processes. Michigan University: Journal of Management, Vol. 36 No. 1, January 2010 5-39
Morrow, Susan L. (2007). Qualitative Research in Counselling Psychology: Conceptual Foundation. Sage Journals The Counselling Psychologyst.
Mufidah, Luk-luk Nur. (2003). Supervisi Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Teras.
Mulyasa, E. (2011). Manajemen dan Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Muwarni, Santosa. (2003). Pedoman Penulisan Tesis dan Disertasi. Jakarta: UHAMKA Press.
NAESP. (2010). Rethingking Principal Evaluation: a New Paradigm Informed by Research and Practice. Alexandria, USA.
Nahavandi, A., (2002). The Art and Science of Leadership. 3rd Edn. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
National Policy Board for Educational Administration. (2015). Professional Standards for Educational Leaders 2015. Reston, VA: Author.
Nurhayati B, Abdul Hadis. (2012). Manajemen Mutu Pendidikan. Bandung: Alfabeta.
OECD. (2013). “Foreword and Acknowledgements”, in Synergies for Better Learning: An International Perspective on Evaluation and Assessment, OECD Publishing, Paris.
Ololube, N. P. (2013). Educational Management, Planning and Supervision: Model for Effective Implementation. Owerri: Spring Field Publishers.
Omolayo, B., (2007). Effect of leadership style on job-related tension and psychological sense of community in work organizations: A case study of four organizations in Lagos State, Nigeria. Bangladesh E-J. Sociol., 4: 30-37.
Overton, Rodney. (2002). Leadership Made Simple. Singapura: Wharton Books, Pte. Ltd.
Owen, John M. (1993). Program Evaluasi: Forms and Approaches. St. Leonards: Allen & Unwin Pty Ltd.
Patti Lather & Elizabeth A. St. Pierre. (2013). Post-qualitative research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 26:6, 629-633, DOI: 10.1080/09518398.2013.788752
Portin, et al. (2003). Making Sense of Leading Schools: A Study of the School Principalship, University of Washington.
Ramadhani, Anisa Fortuna. (2019). Kepemimpinan Pendidikan. Jurnal Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Padang.
Range, Scherz, Holt & Young. (2011). Supervision and Evaluation: The Wyoming Perspective. Educ Asse Eval Acc (2011) 23:243–265 DOI 10.1007/s11092-011-9123-5 Springer.
Richards, Janet C. (2011). “Every Word is True”: Stories of our Experiences in a Qualitative Research Course. Univeristy of South Florida, The Qualitative Report Vol. 16, No. 3.
Rifai, Moh. (1982). Administrasi dan Supervisi Pendidikan. Bandung: Jemmars.
Rohmat, P. S. P. (2006). Kepemimpinan Pendidikan. Jurnal Pemikiran Alternatif Kependidikan, 11(1), 19–33.
Santrock, J. W. (2007). A Topical Approach to Life-Span Development. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill
Satori, Djam’an dan Komariah, Aan. (2009). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta
Schaefer, R. T. (2005). Sociology. (9th Ed). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Seashore Louis, K., Leithwood, K., Wahlstrom, K. L., & Anderson, S. E. 2010. Learning from leadership project: Investigating the links to improved student learning: Executive summary of research findings. Retrieved from http://www.wallacefoundation.org/knowledge-center/school-leadership/key-research/ Documents/Investigating-the-Links-to-Improved-Student-Learning-Executive-Summary.pdf
Sharma, et al. (2019). A Systematic Review of Literature about Leadership and Organization. Research Journal of Business Management Volume 13 (1): 1-14, 2019
Shaw, Rachel L., Dyson, Philip O., Peel, Elizabeth. 2008. Qualitative psychology at M level: A dialogue between learner and teacher. United Kingdom: Aston University.
Stufflebeam & Coryn. (2014). Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications 2nd Edition. San Fransisco: Wiley.
Stufflebeam, Daniel L., dan Anthony J. Shinkfield. (1986). Systematic Evaluation: A Self-Instructional Guide to Theory and Practice. Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing
Sugiyono. (2008). Metode Penelitian Kunatitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung Alfabeta.
Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Sukardi. (2014). Evaluasi Program Pendidikan dan Kepelatihan. Jakartta: Bumi Aksara.
Sukmadinata, Nana Syaodih. (2008). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya
Sulemana Awolu Muhammed. (2019). The Rule of Educational Supervision in Ensuring Quality Basic Education Delivery in The Zabzugu District. Ghana: University for Development Studies.
Sutopo, HB. (2006). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Surakarta: UNS Press.
H. Syaiful Sagala. (2010). Supervisi Pembelajaran dalam Profesi Pendidikan. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Tim Penyusun. (2008). Pedoman Tesis dan Disertasi, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAMKA. Jakarta.
Tourish, Dennis. (2019). Is complexity leadership theory complex enough? A critical appraisal, some modifications and suggestions for further research. Organization Studies, 40 (2). pp. 219-8. ISSN 0170-8406
Wirawan. (2011). Evaluasi Teori, Model, Standar Aplikasi, dan Profesi: Contoh Aplikasi Evaluasi Program, Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia, Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM) Mandiri Perdesaan, Kurikulum, Perpustakaan, dan Buku Teks. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.
Wirawan. (2016). Evaluasi Teori. Model, Metodologi, Standar, Aplikasi dan Profesi. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Most read articles by the same author(s)