Ethical Guidelines

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed FARMASAINS: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kefarmasian is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge.

It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. This journal follows guidelines from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) facing all aspects of publication ethics and, in particular, how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct. For information detail about COPE please click here.

This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, the Editor-in-Chief, the Editorial Board, the peer-reviewer, and the publisher.

Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka as the publisher of FARMASAINS: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kefarmasian takes its duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing seriously and we recognize our ethical and other responsibilities.

We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint, or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.


Publication Decisions

The editor of the FARMASAINS: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kefarmasian is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published.

The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions.

The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.


Conflicts of Interest

Conflict of Interests must be stated clearly (during submission) to prevent overlooked or misplaced information on potential interests. A declared conflict of interest will not automatically result in the rejection of a paper but the editors reserve the right to publish any declared conflict of interest alongside the acceptance.


  • Conflicts of interest (CoI) comprise those which may not be fully apparent and which may influence the judgment of the author, reviewers, and editors. They have been described as those that, when revealed later, would make a reasonable reader feel misled or deceived. They may be personal, commercial, political, academic, or financial. 
  • "Conflict of Interest" is required for all types of submissions.
  • Authors are expected to provide detailed information about any relevant financial interests or financial conflicts within the past 5 years and for the foreseeable future.
  • Authors who have no relevant financial interests are asked to provide a statement indicating that they have no financial interests related to the material in the manuscript.



The Editors of FARMASAINS: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kefarmasian make every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”) contained in its publications. However, the Editors of FARMASAINS: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kefarmasian make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content and disclaim all such representations and warranties whether express or implied to the maximum extent permitted by law. Any views expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and are not necessarily the views of the Editors of FARMASAINS: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kefarmasian.


Human Rights

Authors reporting the experimental studies on human subjects must include a statement of assurance in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript that:

  1. The informed consent was obtained from each participant included in the study,
  2. The study protocol is consistent with the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki as reflected in a prior approval by the institution's human research committee.

Every experimental or clinical study may raise controversial ethical issues (e.g., Institutional Ethical Approval to study animal or human subjects). Thus, the journal editorial board expects all authors, reviewers, and editors to consider the COPE and Equator Network’s reporting guidelines in medical ethics plus the scientific writing. If any, authors should state related declaration(s), otherwise, the following sentence should be given: “None be declared”.


Animal Rights


  • In the studies using animal experimentation, assurance must be provided that all animals received humane care according to the criteria outlined in the "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals" prepared by the National Academy of Sciences and published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH publication 86-23 revised 1985). 
  • When conducting research on animals we commit to the Basel Declaration which shows outlines fundamental as well as ethical guidelines at the International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS).
  • Writing an ethical approval code for all of our submissions including those with animal experiences is REQUIRED during submission. Otherwise, we have to "Fast Reject" those submissions in the early screening step.
  • During "Submission", the author must fill out the ethical approval code.

To publish an article in a research journal, the author(s) are requested to get ethical permission from their institute. With this permission, the authors will agree upon standard ethical behavior.

  • "Ethical Approval Code" is required for all studies on people, medical records, and human samples.
  • This code must be linked to a webpage showing the details of approval.
  • The code must be approved by the authors' local authorities. For example, the national center of ethics or the ethics department of universities.


Ethical Approval Code

Before you plan to start a research, project involving human participants or personal data, you must apply for an “ethical approval” for that from one of the University’s research ethics committees. The information requested by your local committee will depend on your discipline and the type of research that you intend to undertake.


Type of manuscripts are required to declare an Ethical Approval

The below table describes the requirement for approval code in different types of manuscripts.

Manuscript Type   Ethical Approval Code  
Research Articles                                                             
  • Interventional (on Human participants)
  • Interventional (on Animal participants)
                      required *
  • In vitro studies
                      optional **
  • Real retrospective studies
Systematic Review/Meta-Analysis/Scoping Review                              non

Table notes:

  • *: Veterinary clinical cases: For studies using client-owned animals, a high standard (best practice) of veterinary care and an informed client consent statement should be included in the Materials and Methods section.
  • *: Animal Studies: The ethical review committee approval, and the international, national, and/or institutional guidelines followed regarding the animal's welfare are strongly required in these types of studies.
  • **: In vitro studies on human or animal tissues are obliged to show an "ethical approval code".

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