SMJ (Sanus Medical Journal) is a peer-reviewed medical and health journal published periodically every six months. SMJ publishes descriptive, analytical, and experimental studies, reviews, systematic reviews, case reports, letters, and editorials in the fields of Medicine, Health, Medical and Health Education, and Islamic Medicine. The scope of SMJ goes beyond the boundaries of discussions in the fields of clinical medicine and health in general, by providing new insights into etiologies, determinants, distribution, management and prevention of diseases in individuals and communities. SMJ attempts to meet the demands of rapid developments in information and medical and health research by committing to reduce the range of online publications to around six weeks after the submission of a manuscript. Articles will be published online in advance, and the printed version included in the next scheduled edition. SMJ will continue to strive to improve its scientific reputation by publishing quality articles reviewed by experts who are highly competent in their respective fields. SMJ greatly appreciates the contributions of authors from related disciplines. Manuscripts can be sent via email to: or via the website