University of Muhammadiyah DR HAMKA
The success of a learning process that is planned and implemented by the teacher can be seen through the process of assessing students. Assessment can be carried out using appropriate assessment instruments so that it is necessary for teachers to be able to understand and compile assessment instruments properly. This study aims to examine and describe the assessment instruments made by elementary school teachers in Jakarta. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative research with data collection techniques using interviews and document analysis. The subjects in this study were 8 grade VI elementary school teachers in Jakarta with science material on theme 7 about the reproductive system. Based on the results of the study, it shows variations in the ability of teachers in developing assessment instruments. There were 6 teachers who were able to make instruments proportionally according to the LOTS and HOTS categories, but there were 2 teachers who were only able to compile an assessment instrument that only measured LOTS. In this study, teachers also found errors in determining the level of cognitive items, especially at levels C4, C5, and C6. These results make the basis for the importance of teachers understanding hierarchy in depth, especially in relation to the preparation of HOTS-based assessment instruments because the quality of learning success is largely determined by the assessment instrument used.
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