Learning Vocabulary through Paper and Online-Based Glossary

  • Ratih Novita Sari University of Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAMKA


This study examined the effect of teaching glossary and personality traits on vocabulary learning. Two groups of students who had different personality (extroverted and introverted) were exposed to two types of glosses: paper and online-based glossary. The two groups underwent two-month treatment. Prior to and after the treatment, each group was given pre and posttest. In calculating the data, two-way ANOVA was used. The results of the study showed that extroverted students learned vocabulary better through paper-based glossary, while introverted students learned vocabulary better through online-based. Further research needs to be conducted to determine whether age influences the use of teaching glossary or not.   


Azhari, F. (2012). Review of Effects of Textual Glosses on incidental Vocabulary Learning. International Journal of Innovative Ideas (IJII), 12(2), pp. 13-24. Retrieved March 4, 2014 from http://www.publishtopublic.com/img/upload/2037/documents/10195.pdf.
Berecz, J. M. (2008). Theories of Personality: a Zonal Perspective, USA: Pearson Education.
Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (2008). Perspective on Personality, USA: Pearson Education
Dornyei, Z. (2005). The psychology of the Language Learner: Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Gorder, P. F. (2001). Students learn better from web pages that contain print “cues”. Retrieved February 12, 2014 from www.osu.edu/researchnews/achieve/weblearn.htm.
Heyne, F. (2009). The iPersonic Personality Test. Retrieved February 4, 2015 from http://www.ipersonic.com/test.html
Hjelle, L. A., & Ziegler, D. J. (1992). Personality Theory. USA: McGraw Hill
Hong, X. (2010). Review of effects of glosses on incidental vocabulary learning and reading comprehension. Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistic, 33(1), 56-73. Retrieved February 5, 2015 from http://www.celea.org.cn/teic/89/10042204.pdf
Hulstijn, J. H., Hollander, M., & Greidanus, T. (1996). Incidental vocabulary learning by advanced foreign language students: The influence of marginal glosses, dictionary use, and reoccurrence of unknown words. The Modern Language Journal, 80(3), 327-339.
Jacobs, G. M., Dufon, P., & Fong, C. H. (1994). L1 and L2 vocabulary glossing L2 reading passages: Their effectiveness for increasing comprehension and vocabulary knowledge. Journal of Research in Reading, 17(1), 19-28.
Ko, M. H. (2005). Glosses, comprehension, and strategy use. Reading in a Foreign Language, 17(2). Retrieved March 15, 2014, from http://nflrc.hawaii.edu/rfl/October2005/ko/ko.html
Lenders, O. (2008). Electronic glossing – is it worth the effort? Computer Assisted Language Learning. 21(5), 457–481.
Lomicka, L. L. (1998). To gloss or not to gloss: An investigation of reading comprehension online. Language Learning & Technology, 1(2), 41-50.
Moody, R. (1988). Personality Preferences and Foreign Language Learning. 72 (4):389.
Moon, J. (2000). Children learning English. Oxford: Macmillan Publishers Ltd.
Pervine, L. A. Cervone, D., & John, O. P. (2010). Psikologi Kepribadian; Teori Penelitian. Jakarta: Kencana.
Pishadam, R., & Ghahari, S. (2011). The Impact of glossing on incidental vocabulary learning: A comparative study. The Iranian EFL Journal, 7(6), 8-29.
Roby, W. B. (1998). What's in a gloss? Language Learning & Technology, 2(2), 94-101.
Taylor, A. M. (2006). The effects of CALL versus traditional L1 glosses on L2 reading comprehension. CALICO Journal, 23(2), 1-10.
Watanabe, Y. (1997). Input, intake, and retention. Effects of increased processing on incidental learning of foreign language vocabulary. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19(3), 287-307.
Yanguas, I. (2009). Multimedia glosses and their effect on L2 text comprehension and vocabulary learning. Language, Learning &Technology, 13(2), 48-67.
Yoshii, M. (2006). L1 and L2 glosses: Their effects on incidental vocabulary learning. Language Learning & Technology, 10(3), 85–101.
How to Cite
SARI, Ratih Novita. Learning Vocabulary through Paper and Online-Based Glossary. Journal of ELT Research, [S.l.], p. 144-157, sep. 2016. ISSN 2527-7448. Available at: <https://journal.uhamka.ac.id/index.php/jer/article/view/54>. Date accessed: 23 oct. 2019.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.